H.264, also known as MPEG-4 AVC (Advanced Video Coding) is an ITU (International Telecommunication Union) video compression standard. It was developed in response to the need for higher compression for generic audiovisual services such as video conferencing, digital store media, television broadcasting, Internet streaming and communication, its latest revision is 27 and was approved on August 22, 2021.
It was designed to adapt to a wide range of network scenarios and supports various storage media such as MPEG, MOV, MP4 or F4V. This standard allows a wide range of resolutions, supports up to 8k Ultra High Definition and is characterized by maintaining image quality while achieving reduced bandwidth consumption.
It is the favorite format of the most popular online video platforms and also of the video surveillance industry.